This Copyright Policy outlines the terms and conditions for the use and dissemination of content published by SARC Publisher in accordance with the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) policy and the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) license.

Copyright Ownership:

Authors retain copyright of their original work published by SARC Publisher.

By submitting their work to SARC Publisher, authors grant the Publisher the exclusive right to publish and distribute the work under the terms specified in this Copyright Policy.

License Type:

All works published by SARC Publisher are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) 4.0 International License. Under this license, users are free to:

Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

Users are not allowed to:

Use the material for commercial purposes.

Remix, transform, or build upon the material.


Proper attribution must be given to the original author(s) and the source of the work must be cited in any reuse or distribution.

Attribution should include the following information: Author(s) name(s), Title of the work, Journal Name, Volume, Issue, Page numbers, Year of publication, DOI (if available).

NonCommercial Use:

The material may not be used for commercial purposes without prior written permission from SARC Publisher. Commercial purposes include but are not limited to: selling, licensing, or charging fees for access to the work.

No Derivatives:

Users may not alter, transform, or build upon the material in any way. This includes, but is not limited to, creating derivative works, translations, or adaptations.

Archiving and Repository:

SARC Publisher supports the archiving and long-term preservation of the published content. The Publisher encourages authors and users to deposit the published work in appropriate open access repositories.

Compliance with DOAJ Policy:

SARC Publisher adheres to the policies and guidelines set forth by the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) in order to maintain high standards of open access publishing.

Questions and Contact Information:

For questions or inquiries related to this Copyright Policy, please contact [].

Retraction Policy

SARC Publisher prioritize the importance of integrity and fulfillment of the scholarly record. The historic record of published research articles shall remain available and unaltered as far as possible. However, circumstances may arise where a paper got published based on misconduct or honest error. Editors certainly guide the review process with much care, but it remains notoriously difficult to detect all occurrences of misconduct or error. For this reason it may become necessary to correct the scholarly record. The decision to alter the record should not be taken lightly. Action taken depends on the individual case and can take the form of

  1. Expression of Concern
  2. Correction (Erratum or Corrigendum)
  3. Retraction
  4. Removal

The purpose of the action is to correct the literature and to alert readers. It is not intended to punish the author(s).

The responsibility of guiding an investigation of misconduct or honest error is with the editor of the journal concerned. Authors and reviewers will take part in the investigation. The editor will decide on the form to best correct the scholarly record. 

Minor errors that do not affect the integrity of the metadata or a reader’s ability to understand an article and that do not involve a scientific error or omission are corrected such that the original article is replaced with the corrected version. If requested action originates from an author, final action will be according to decision made by Editors and Editorial Panel Members

Publication Fee

All articles published in the SARC publisher are open access and freely available online upon publication. This is made possible by applying a business model to offset the costs of peer review management, copyediting, design and production, by charging a publication fee of USD 50 for each research article published. The charge applies only to Research articles submitted after 1 Jan 2023. The publication fee is standard and does not vary based on length, colour, figures, or other elements.