Describe the Effects of the Nephrotic Syndrome on Children aged 8 to 13 Years in Iraq


Introduction: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a disorder characterized by protein leakage in the urine, which can lead to life-threatening hypovolemia, hypercoagulation, and infection. The average age of a kid with NS is four years old, affecting boys more than girls. Nevertheless, the frequency varies by age, gender, race, and geographic area. The frequent use of corticosteroids in these individuals and the recurring nature of the condition might pose substantial health-related obstacles to quality of life. Objective: This paper aims to describe the effects of nephrotic syndrome on children aged 8 to 13 years in Iraq. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in different hospitals in Iraq, which included 151 cases of pediatric nephrotic syndrome, for both males and females, between the fifth of October 2021 to the nineteenth of January, which were included and divided into two groups, where the first group was Nephrotic Patients (N=85) and the second group was Control Patients ( N=66) where they meet the following requirements: Children between the ages of 8 to 13 years who had nephrotic syndrome for more than one year. It was used in a cross-sectional study of patients with pediatric nephrotic syndrome using the SPSS program. Results and Discussions: In our study, patients with the nephrotic syndrome had low levels according to the scale Ped’SQL (physical, social, educational, and emotional) compared to the healthy controls group the effective Ped’SQL score was surprisingly low. Where a direct statistical relationship was found between the patient group with quality of life with r correlation =+0.876, p-value 0.008, and This explains the role in Table 4. Conclusion: This study reveals that while nephrotic syndrome is treatable, it can hurt patients’ physical, emotional, social, and intellectual lives. As a result, this study showed great efficiency and reliability in evaluating the pediatric database in clinical practice, particularly for patients with renal disease. This study showed that Ped’sQL was successful in evaluating all patients, as it discovered that control patients had higher assessment scores than the renal patients’ group and that all four sections, which included physical, educational, social, and emotional performance, showed that control patients performed better than nephrotic patients’ group.


Nephrotic syndrome (NS); Swelling; Infections; Clinical types of NS; Glomerulonephritis; and Hepatitis.